Microsoft & Windows Topics
- How to Block (or Allow) Certain Applications for Users in Windows
- Allow Windows to Run Specified Programs Only - YouTube
- Windows Guest Account Best Practices | IT Pro
- 25 Hidden Tricks Inside Windows 10 | PCMag.com
- (part of Windows since 2006)
- How to permanently display the Windows 10 version on the desktop - TechRepublic
- System configuration will show the version of Windows 10 running on the machine
- cmd > regedit.exe > Computer\HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop > PaintDesktopVersion - change the Default value from "zero" to "1" > reboot
- 7 commands to reinstall or upgrade Windows 10 computers - TechRepublic
- Microsoft Windows 10 Review & Rating | PCMag.com - Release 1809
- Tips to improve PC performance in Windows 10 - Windows Help
- Start (menu icon in bottom left corner) > Settings > Update and Security > Troubleshoot
- Free up drive space in Windows 10 - Windows Help
- Keyboard shortcuts for Outlook - Outlook
- Browse InPrivate in Microsoft Edge
- Customize the taskbar notification area - Windows Help
- 3D in Windows 10 - Windows Help
- 10 things you should do before, during, and after reinstalling Windows - TechRepublic - 2008-10-15
- Windows Secrets
- 10 Neglected Windows Superpowers & How to Access Them
- Secrets of the Windows Control Panel | PCMag.com
- 5 Windows 7 Features You Didn't Know Existed
- Microsoft Releases Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) April 9, 2002
- Bill Gates' Web Site
- Download Center
- Microsoft Press: Learning & Training Solutions - Computer books and software
- MSIE = Microsoft Internet Explorer
- MSN Canada
- MSDN Online
- MSTW = Microsoft This Week
- NETBIOS - If you disable NetBIOS over TCP/IP, you may not be able to connect to computers that are running an OS other than W2K.
- Microsoft Office help and training - Office Support
- Four methods for working around Office 365's AutoSave feature - TechRepublic
- "Unfortunately, and frankly inexplicably, Microsoft decided to make the AutoSave feature not only automatic, but also permanently on. There is no option to turn it off—if you open a document residing on OneDrive and make any change to it at all, the old version of the document is gone and you are left with the current version, complete with a new timestamp."
- Method 1: Don't use OneDrive
- Method 2: Copy to PC, then save to OneDrive with a new name
- Method 3: Save a copy
- Method 4: Turn AutoSave off each time you open the document
- Method 5: Password protect the file (after you have finished editing it), then edit a copy of it next time.
- 13+ Reasons You Should Upgrade to Microsoft Office 2016
- Word 2013 Cheat Sheet - For Dummies
- Normal Template
- How to use Word 2013's collapsible headings - TechRepublic
- For Students ...
- Windows Updates
- Internet headers in Outlook 2010 and Outlook 2013 | MSOutlook.info
- File-> Options
- Select the Quick Access Toolbar on the left.
- Set the “Choose commands from” dropdown list to; Commands Not in the Ribbon
- From the command list select; Message Options…
- Press the “Add > >” button.
- Press OK.
- The option is now added to the Quick Access Toolbar at the top of your Outlook window and view the Internet headers of a message without needing to open it first.
- How to View the Complete Message Source in Outlook - About Email
- Troubleshoot Outlook connectivity with these quick tips - TechRepublic
- Outlook's "Inbox Repair Tool" can repair your "Inbox" by using Scanpst.exe
- MS Office 2007 - Outlook
"Cannot move the item. The set of folders cannot be opened."
This error appears sometimes when I try to move a message to another folder.
I exit Outlook, restart Outlook, and then everything seems OK. But the problem reappears later.
This error usually occurs if the OST or PST file you are using is:
- Protected with file permissions.
- On a share on a server and the network is down.
To correct this problem, store the OST or PST file on the local computer.
You may also want to run the scanost.exe and scanpst.exe tools to verify file integrity.
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office12\SCANPST.exe
- OST = offline file folder for MS-Exchange only (not for IMAP) = Offline Storage Table
- used to maintain off-line availability of items = a local file which stores emails
- PST = Personal Storage Table (for POP or IMAP)
- used to store archived items = a cached file
- To move a PST
- Exit Outlook > move the PST file > Control Centre to point the profile to the new location > open Outlook
- PAB = Personal Address Book
- Outlook (Not Responding) - Possible solutions
- Scanpst.exe or Scanost.exe (for Exchange) must be run many times until it finally says there are no more errors.
- C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\
- Exit Outlook > Rename outcmd.dat outcmd.old > Start Outlook
- Exit Outlook
- rename "C:\...\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Outlook\extend.dat" [to extend.old]
- rename "C:\...\AppData\Local\Microsoft\FORMS\FRMCACHE.dat" [to frmCache.old]
- Restart Outlook 2007
- Open Outlook in Safe Mode > Help > Detect and Repair
- cmd > outlook /safe
- This does not seem to be available for Outlook 2010 (Windows 7 x64)
- Uninstall Google Desktop.
- Outlook - Mailto_URL add-on context menu - This command creates a new mail message containing the link as text.
- Organizing Outlook Mail
- MAPILab - Duplicate Email Remover - US$15
- Personal Online Support from Product Support Services - MS
- Product Support Services
- SearchNT.com: The WindowsNT/Windows2000-Specific Search Engine
- Swynk.com: SQL Server, SMS, Exchange, Microsoft, BackOffice, IIS, FAQs
- Training & Certification
- U.S. Department of Justice: Antitrust Division
- Task List Programs - AnswersThatWork's famous Database of Processes, Startups & Services
- WinDrivers.com (printer drivers, cdrom drivers, modem drivers, sound drivers, mouse drivers, monitor drivers, etc.)
- Worldwide Sites - Links to Office Contact Information & Worldwide Web Sites
- 8 Geeky Ways To Customize Windows To Your Needs
Shortcuts - Windows
Current Issues - Microsoft & Windows
- How to Resolve Windows 7 “Not Responding” message"you don't have permission to access the share" - Microsoft Community
- What is the difference between a domain, a workgroup, and a homegroup?
- Modifying the MS Word 2007 & 2010 normal.dotm Template | Speakeasy Solutions Blog
- 4 Cheap Ways To Obtain A Legal Copy Of Windows 7
- MSIE-8 (= Microsoft Internet Explorer 8)
- Problem: It’s running horribly. I am having a ton of performance problems with multiple tabs open. After opening four or five tabs, things slow down and the tab progress indicator spins endlessly if I try to open a new tab. In fact, the problem was so bad that simply closing IE wasn’t enough, as multiple processes of Iexplore.exe continued running and had to be killed manually.
- Solution: Run "regsvr32 actxprxy.dll" - then reboot
- "That re-registers the ActiveX Interface Marshaling Library, an obscure DLL that most people (even Microsoft experts) had never heard about. (Update: 27-Mar: Note that if you try this using Windows Vista, you must do this from an elevated Command Prompt window; type cmd in the Start menu Search box, right-click the Cmd.exe shortcut, and then choose Run As Administrator. For detailed instructions with screen shots, see this post.) After restarting her computer, she tried using IE8 again. The results were stunning."
- WGA = Windows Genuine Advantage Notifications
- Windows Vista
- Windows 7
- Windows 8
- Windows 8.1
- WindowsSecrets - US$25/year -to- US$59/year - Newsletter twice a week
- Windows FAQ...
- See also: DOS / Cmd
Windows NT 3.5:
Windows NT 3.51:
Windows NT 4.0:
(1987-12) Windows 286
(1990-05) Windows 386 (16-bit for the Intel.80386 CPU)
(1992-10) Windows for Workgroups 3.1 (WFW)
(1993-11) Windows for Workgroups 3.11 (WFW)
(1995-08) Windows 95. The last DOS-based version. CodeName=Chicago
(1996-07) [=Windows Version 4.0]
(1998-06) Windows 98 = Windows 95.3 - CodeName=Memphis
(1999-05) Windows 98SE = Windows 95.5
(2000-06) Windows ME = Windows 95.6
(2000-02) Windows 2000 and Windows NT 5.0. The transition to the NT kernel.
(2001-10) Windows XP. [=Windows Version 5.1] - CodeName=Whistler
(2007-01) Vista. [=Windows Version 6.0] Incorporated a number of Longhorn (="Windows Server 2008") elements.
(2009-10) Windows NT 6.1 kernel [=Windows Version 6.1]
(2012-10) [=Windows Version 6.2]
(2013-10) [=Windows Version 6.3]
(2015) [=Windows Version 6.4]
- DOS: Windows2.0, Windows3.0, Windows3.1
- 9x Kernel: Windows95 (1995), Windows98 (1998), Windows98SE (1999), Windows Millenium (2000), Windows Whistler (2001).
- NT Kernel: WindowsNT, Windows2000, WindowsXP
- Windows 2000 = W2K
- Windows XP
- Windows Vista
- Windows 7
- Windows 8
- Windows 8.1
- Windows 10
- Windows Updates
- After Windows 10 upgrade, do these seven things immediately | ZDNet
- Create a recovery drive. - 16GB USB
- Secure your user account. - two-factor authentication (2FA)
- Turn on BitLocker drive encryption.
- Configure Windows Update
- Connect other accounts – (Office 365 and Gmail accounts)
- Settings > Accounts > Email and app accounts and click Add an account.
- Fine-tune Action Center settings
- go through the list of apps that are permitted to interrupt you with notifications and silence those you never want to hear from. The settings here allow you to control pop-up messages and sounds or turn off notifications completely.
- "go to the Windows.old directory and restore all of the programs which the Windows update decided to remove from the Program Files directories. These are mostly utilities that do specific things that are handy and which I use regularly, but which Microsoft has decided I am not allowed to use any more" - comment
- "Control Panel and make sure that System Restore is still on" - comment
- PowerToys ...
- The procrastinator's guide to free Windows 10 upgrades | ZDNet
- Windows 10 free upgrades are still unofficially available - ExtremeTech
- How to block Windows 10 upgrades | ZDNet
- Open the Local Group Policy Editor
- Cmd > gpedit.msc
- Cmd > mmc.exe > File (menu) > Add/Remove Snap-in > Group Policy Object Editor > Browse > Add > Select Group Policy Object > Browse > This computer > Finish
- MMC > Console Root > Local Computer Policy:
- Computer Configuration / Administrative Templates / Windows Components / Windows Update Policy / Turn off the upgrade to the latest version of Windows through Windows Update
- Cmd > Regedit > HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WindowsUpdate
- Create DWORD DisableOSUpgrade and set it to 1
- Make the GWX icon, with its nagging notifications, vanish from the taskbar. To do that, you need to create the following key:
- Then create a DWORD value called DisableGWX and set it to 1
- Restart the PC
- How to clean-install a Windows 10 upgrade | Series | Windows Secrets
- First, you must — at least temporarily — upgrade your current Win7/8 system to Win10, the standard way. During this initial upgrade, Microsoft’s activation servers create and store a unique and permanent machine ID that’s based on your old Windows key plus the system’s hardware.
During the upgrade, Microsoft will also automatically issue you a new, generic Win10 product key. But it works only after your PC has been successfully upgraded to Win10 and activated. (This is how Microsoft intends to prevent piracy of the free Win10 upgrade.)
After your system has successfully completed an initial upgrade to Win10 and it has been registered with Microsoft’s activation servers, you then can wipe out the Win10 upgrade setup and perform a thorough, from-scratch, clean install.
- Tips for Migrating to Windows 10 | Norton Community
- How to upgrade to Windows 10: A step-by-step walkthrough - TechRepublic
- 6 Mandatory Steps for a Safe Upgrade to Windows 10
- How to Run Windows 10 From a USB Drive | PCMag.com
- How to Fix the Most Annoying Things in Windows 10 | PCMag.com
- How to troubleshoot a flakey Windows 10 system with the Memory Diagnostics Tool - TechRepublic
- Search for > Memory Diagnostics Tool > Restart now
- F1 = Options (Basic, Standard, Extended) (Extended test may take over eight hours.)
- In the event that Windows Memory Diagnostics detects a memory error, your best bet will be to replace the RAM chip. If there is more than one RAM chip, you'll replace one chip at a time and rerun Windows Memory Diagnostics until you find out which is the memory chip with a problem.
- Recovery - ISO image file
- How to track down the Startup folder in Windows 10 - TechRepublic
- How to use the Windows 10 View Your Network Properties feature to obtain detailed information - TechRepublic
- Windows 10 tip: Turn on File History for automatic backups | ZDNet
- Windows 10 tip: Keep your Microsoft account secure with 2-factor authentication | ZDNet
- Windows 10: The best hidden features, tips, and tricks | ExtremeTech
- Navigating Windows 10: How to use Task view and Virtual Desktops | ExtremeTech - 24 pages
- Six Windows 10 annoyances: How to make them go away for good | ZDNet
- Settings > Accounts > Your email and accounts > Sign in with a local account instead
- Settings > Privacy > Feedback & Diagnostics > Send your device data to Microsoft > Basic
- Control Panel > Default Programs > Set your default programs > (select a program) > Set this program as default
- Search (to bring up the Cortana pane) > Hamburger menu (≡) > Settings (gear icon) > Off (to turn off Cortana)
- Win10-1607: Right-click the taskbar > Cortana > Hidden
- Win10-1607: gpedit.msc (Group Policy Editor) > Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > Windows Components > Search > Allow Cortana and set it to disabled
- By default, the recovery keys for BitLocker encrypted drives are stored in your OneDrive account.
- Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update > Advanced options > Choose how updates are installed > Notify to schedule restart
- Settings > Accounts > Sign-in options > Privacy > Show account details > Off
- Settings > Privacy > Account info > Let apps access my name, picture, and other account info > Off
- How To Disable Cortana in Windows 10
- Microsoft Windows 10 Review & Rating | PCMag.com
- Windows 10: The smart person's guide - TechRepublic
- Windows 10 - No search results from control panel or settings! - Microsoft (Windows) Support - Neowin Forums
- ViperAFK - Posted September 12, 2015
Right-click the Indexed folder > Properties > Advanced > Check Allow files in this folder to have indexed in addition to file properties. Click Apply and Exit
- Feedback Hub – Windows Apps on Microsoft Store
- Recovery Drive
- Windows 10 tip: Disable annoying app notifications | ZDNet10 Tips to Speed Up Windows 10 | PCMag.com
- Windows 10: The essential guide for business professionals - Tech Pro Research
- 7 day Free Trial. Browse and read from the entire library of original IT research, expert analysis, ebooks and policies. - $300
- Safe Mode
- Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) - Safe Mode is an option
- If Windows crashes too early to allow other options, you can use the PC's power switch to restart. After three failed boot attempts, WinRE starts automatically.
- How to access Safe Mode in Windows 10 - TechRepublic
- Right-click on Start Menu (left corner of task bar) > Shut down or sign out > Hold down the Shift key and click on Restart
- A menu will appear which will allow you to choose what you want to do when you restart.
- F8 during boot-up does not work with Windows 10?
- Settings > PC Settings > Update and Recovery > Recovery > Advanced Startup
Settings > Update and Security > Recovery > Restart
- Windows 10: You've got questions, I've got answers | ZDNet
- Can My PC Run Windows 10? How To Check - ComputerShopper.com
- Windows 10 on an old PC: When it comes to specs, how low can you go? - TechRepublic
- How to Hide Anything in Windows
- The Ultimate Windows 10 Activation & License FAQ
- The Windows 10 privacy debacle: Five big issues to consider - TechRepublic
- Investigating Windows 10's Task Manager: More simplicity, more power - TechRepublic
- SuperSite for Windows
- Windows Secrets Newsletter Issue Archives
- Windows 10 Is Watching: Should You Be Worried?
- How to Upgrade to Windows 10 & Take Settings and Apps with You
- How do I make sure I have the best available driver installed for my printer?
In most cases your printer will continue to work after the upgrade.
If you want to confirm that your printer is supported in Windows 10 and to see what drivers are available, go to HP Printers That Work With Windows 10.
The HP Printer Install Wizard automatically finds the best available print driver for your HP Printer. It is available only for Windows 10, 8, and 7.
Download and run Printer Install Wizard a free tool from HP. When this link is clicked, HP Printer Install Wizard is downloaded using your Internet browser's download capabilities.
- Windows Can Do THIS? 15 Surprising Features You Had No Clue About
- Associating file types to programs - To manually re-associate a file type to a different program:
AumHa Forums - Supporting Users of Windows Desktop Systems
Microsoft Help and Support
98lite for enhancing and embedding Windows9x (3 versions: $0 Freeware, $5 Standard, $25 Pro) 98lite takes standard Windows features and transforms them into OPTIONAL COMPONENTS. You can then remove the superfluous features that trip you up and slow you down. Even Internet Explorer can be removed! There's no risk since 98lite installs components into the Windows add/remove options list and you can restore any feature you remove.
ActiveWin.com -- The Most Activating Ultimate Windows Resource Site
Add-Ons for Microsoft Internet Explorer
Error & Event Messages
Windows' Event Viewer keeps track of things like crashes and application errors to help you troubleshoot your PC.
- Windows Explorer - Method #1 (Vista, Win7, Win8)
- Right-click on the file and select "Open with"
- Choose Program
- Check the box - "Always use this program to open files of this type"
- Windows Explorer - Method #2 (not for Vista, Win7, Win8)
- Right-click on the file and select Properties
- Open with...
- Choose Program
- Check the box - "Always use this program to open files of this type"
- Windows Explorer - Method #3 (not for Vista, Win7, Win8)
- Tools menu or View menu
- Folder Options
- Files Types (tab) (not for Vista, Win7, Win8)
- Select the file type
- Change or Edit (button)
- Check the box - "Always use this program to open files of this type"
- Advanced (button) (not for Vista, Win7, Win8)
If Windows comes up and then freezes, something is wrong with your boot or autoloading sequence. The Event Viewer may tell you what.
Select Start, Run, type eventvwr, and press Enter.
Lockergnome - Free Technology E-mail Newsletters
MBR = Master Boot Record - See Recovery
Public folder = C:Users\Public\ = %Public% = run shell:public
Qfecheck.exe Verifies the Installation of Windows 2000 Hotfixes (recommended by Jay Jones-Doyle 20011115)
Reboot shortcut (Make this the command line for a shortcut) (Win 95/98)
- Create a shortcut using the %Public% environment variable, use the shell:public command, or pin the Public folder to the Quick Access list in Windows 10 (Favorites in Windows 7).
- The Public profile resembles any other user profile, with five default subfolders: Documents, Downloads, Music, Pictures, and Videos. (Third-party programs can create subfolders here, too.) All files you save or copy to these locations are available without restriction to any user who signs in using an account available on that PC.
- You can use the Public folder on a local network as well. Folders in the Public profile are available on a homegroup or to any remote user who signs in using any account set up on the PC serving as host.
- C:\Windows\Rundll.exe user.exe,ExitWindowsExec
Sharing & Permissions
- Do a repair install of Windows 10 -
By Ed Bott
When all your troubleshooting fails and you're unable to solve a nagging Windows problem, you might be tempted to start fresh with a clean install. Before you take that drastic measure, consider a repair installation instead. This option lets you keep all your installed programs and settings, and it doesn't touch your data files.
You won't find "repair install" on any official Microsoft documentation, but the option's readily available. All you have to do is upgrade Windows, using the same edition that's already installed.
To perform this "upgrade," first make sure you have a complete backup of all your data files. Then download the latest Windows 10 installation media as an ISO file from https://www.microsoft.com/software-download/windows10. Double-click to mount the ISO file as a virtual drive in File Explorer, and then double-click Setup to begin the repair installation.
At the step where you're asked what you want to keep, choose the Keep Personal Files And Apps option, and then follow the prompts to complete Setup. When you're done, you'll have a fully refreshed copy of Windows 10, with your desktop programs, apps, and settings intact.
- Windows 10 tip: Create a full image backup using this hidden tool | ZDNet
- Be prepared: Create a Windows 10 Recovery Drive - TechRepublic
- Get familiar with the Windows 10 Recovery Drive... before you need it - TechRepublic
- MBR = Master Boot Record
- Download free demo (excel, access, word) recovery software
- NTFS.com - NTFS File System General Information. Data Recovery
- By Ed Bott - TechRepublic.com
Do you have an up-to-date recovery drive for Windows 10? A bootable USB flash drive that contains the files needed to repair or reinstall Windows should be part of your troubleshooting toolkit. And if your computer is working well right now, this is a perfect time to create that recovery drive.
For starters, you'll need a USB flash drive. A basic recovery drive must be at least 512 MB in size, but I recommend that you use a drive with at least 8 GB capacity instead; the larger drive will allow you to add Windows setup files and third-party drivers for ready access. The process of creating a recovery drive formats the drive and erases all data, so copy any important files from that removable drive before you proceed.
Use the search box to locate and run the Recovery Drive utility (RecoveryDrive.exe), which is located in the WindowsSystem32 folder. On the first page, clear the Back Up System Files To The Recovery Drive check box. Then click Next and follow the wizard's prompts, selecting your destination drive.
After the wizard finishes, you can copy Windows installation files to the recovery drive. Double-click the Windows ISO file to mount it as a virtual drive; then select its entire contents and drag them onto the recovery drive in File Explorer, choosing the option to replace existing files.
Remove the drive, label it, and store it in a safe place. You never know when you'll need it.
Swynk.com: SQL Server, SMS, Exchange, Microsoft, BackOffice, IIS, FAQs
Troubleshooting Windows XP, Tweaks and Fixes for Windows XP
Tuneup - HexFF LLC::Windows XP Tuneup
Utilities / Tools ...
WinDrivers.com (printer drivers, cdrom drivers, modem drivers, sound drivers, mouse drivers, monitor drivers, etc.)
Windows Guide Network at WinGuides.com (recommended by Jay Jones-Doyle 2001-11-15)
Windows Timeline > Windows Timeline > November 18, 2005
WUGNET® - Windows Users Group Network
MS-Windows Introduction and Resources - Thanks to Lawrence Tisdale for recommending this site.
- How to View Network Shares in Windows 10
- Task Manager (^ShiftEsc) > File (menu) > Run new task > compmgmt.msc
- fsmgmt.msc (to open the Shared Folders MMC snap-in)
- cmd (Win-X > Command Prompt or PowerShell) > mmc compmgmt.msc
- Windows > Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Computer Management > System Tools > Shared Folders
- Windows > File/Windows Explorer > Network > double-click on the computer icon
- cmd (Win-X > Command Prompt or PowerShell) > net share
- cmd (Win-X > Command Prompt or PowerShell) > net view \\computername /all
- How to Share File or Folder in Windows 10
- Note: Give access to and Advanced sharing are two distinct methods of sharing but as mentioned above, the former changes local and network permissions whereas the latter option only changes network permissions. If you use both or combine both, they may cause conflicts or confusion over permissions. Due to permissions being set differently by both methods, in most cases you cannot stop Advanced sharing by choosing Give access to -> Remove access from the context menu and vice versa. Keep this in mind.
- How to Share, Access Files on Multiple PCs Via Homegroup | News & Opinion | PCMag.com
- WINDOWS 2000 SERVER- SIMPLIFY PRINTER MANAGEMENT WITH PASS-THROUGH SHARING
Windows 2000 Server, like Windows NT before it, makes it easy to share printers. You only need to add the print driver, share the printer, and set a few security options. What you might not realize, however, is that Windows 2000 supports pass-through sharing, which enables you to share a printer that isn't connected to a Windows 2000 server. Pass-through sharing simplifies printer management by enabling you to use a Windows 2000 server as a point of access for a printer that might otherwise require special software. For example, some client platforms don't directly support HP JetDirect technology, but you could connect to the printer from a Windows 2000 server and share that print driver on the network for access by other users. It's not difficult to set up pass-through printing. On the Windows 2000 server, install the software needed to access the printer. After testing the printer from the server, share the printer on the server. Clients on the network can then connect to your Windows 2000 server to access the printer. Note: Remember to install additional print drivers on the server as needed to support the clients on the network.