Techniques & Methods
for teaching a Hybrid/Online Course
- Online / Hybrid / Flipped / Blended / Inverted / Disruptive / etc.
- Blended learning = Hybrid learning
- The use of both traditional (= face-to-face) and online elements in a single class/course.
- Taking the strongest elements of the traditional and online classrooms and combining them in a single course
- None of the disadvantages of a purely (~100%) online course.
- Most students prefer hybrid courses and work harder and learn more than in traditional classes.
- Online Activity (a component of Hybrid learning) = Work will be completed independently (or in a group) and submitted online (and sometimes a printout submitted at the beginning of the next class session). Usually this activity requires the use of a computer and an Internet connection.
- Internet access is virtually universal, and almost all students have the equipment and capability to use this technology. If learning quality can be maintained or enhanced, bringing some elements of instruction online helps everyone involved.
Students may access the Internet from a college lab (since all students have network access), using a smartphone or laptop or tablet using the college's WiFi access to the college's LAN, from home, from a friend's or classmate's computer, from any other WiFi or Internet access point anywhere in the world.
- Inverted learning = Flipped learning
= Flipped lesson
- Dawson College | e-Learning @ Dawson College
- eCampus News TV | eCampus News -
Clicks vs. Bricks - NECC 2009
- eSchool News | Blended learning on the rise | Expahttp://www.eschoolnews.com/2010/10/27/esn-special-reportblended-learning-on-the-rise/nding Students Learning Opportunities | eSchoolNews.com - 2010-10-27
- eSchool News | Transforming schools with blended learning | eSchool News
- Virtual lessons:
- "She teaches virtual math classes on a computer screen twice a day, out of an office. In her live 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. hour long sessions, she instructs via a webcast. She draws out problems on a virtual chalkboard and explains math concepts to the five to 10 students attending live. Her students raise virtual hands to answer or ask questions. Class discussions happen on a chat site. Her classes are recorded and reviewed by many of her other 100 students who weren't available at these times. Virtual tutoring session online, in which she will use the virtual chalk board to take the student step by step through a concept the student doesn't understand."
- Less pay (for some online teachers in some areas of the USA) = Fewer highly qualified teachers. The benefit packages are probably not as good either. The really good teachers will follow the money (especially given that teacher pay is not that great to begin with).
- Read more.
- PBL = Problem-based Learning = Project-based Learning = Product-based Learning
= Process-based Learning
- person, problem, purpose, product, public-audience, etc.
- All PBL is approached as a problem to be solved, individually or in teams, if teams - formal or informal (individuals are often informal teams by the way), with or without deadlines, ...
- PBL is a constructivist framework and pedagogy. The most important part of it is the inquiry and that it is student-centred and student-driven.
- All approaches can be used under the PBL framework including research, book studies, simulations, and even lectures.
- TeachPaperless: The Problem with PBL
- What is Project Based Learning? | PBLWorks
- Project-based learning
- Problem-based learning
- The Case Method
- traditional instructional model or hybrid/online model? Proportions?
- synchronous or asynchronous?
- Teacher and all students online at the same time while using videocam and microphone in order to allow interactive communication among the participants.
- No advantage over in-class teaching, unless students are not available to be physically present (travel, team sports travel, sickness, etc.).
- in-class sessions and online sessions are complementary.
- student works alone or in groups to study and prepare for the upcoming in-class session.
- students may work anywhere, anytime, for as long as they like. Multiple sessions are possible, at the discretion and convenience of the student. There is no limitation on resources (Internet, library, videos, magazines or journals, etc.). However, deadlines for submitting or presenting the work are normally applied.
- Students must develop time-management skills.
- Students are personally motivated and develop initiative.
- Will the hybrid classes involve teamwork?
- Criteria to determine success
of a course:
- qualitative measures
- quantitative measures
- In-class component
- Traditional instructional model features. (Not necessary to list these normal classroom activities.)
- Not exactly traditional instructional model since the students have already prepared for the class.
- Student participation is greatly enhanced since there is a dramatic reduction in the amount of factual information that the teacher needs to provide to the students before allowing their feedback, involvement, and interaction. They acquire much of the factual material before attending the class.
- Lab/Online component
- Moodle (at Dawson College)
- Moodle is a course management system designed to help educators who want to create quality online courses.
- Readings - Textbook, handouts, Websites/links, etc.
- PowerPoint or class notes
- Videos (See Flipped learning)
- Individual (research, etc.) projects
- Group (research, etc.) projects
- Online research (using search engines, using online documents or libraries)
- Communications (Web, FTP, e-mail, social media, Moodle, etc.)
- with teachers
- with other students
- Application of computer programs (MS-Office, a browser, etc.)
Resources for Hybrid courses
Online / Hybrid / Flipped / Blended / Inverted / Disruptive / etc.
- DawsonITE = information on IT and Education at Dawson College
- Moodle News
- Blackboard: Creating Web-based platforms that provide online course delivery & enterprise systems for colleges, universities & organizations
- Faculty Focus
- Flipped classroom / Hybrid / Online teaching/learning ...
- Flipped Classroom | Edutopia
- Things You Should Know About Flipped Classrooms
- “The flipped classroom is a pedagogical model in which the typical lecture and homework elements of a course are reversed. Short video lectures are viewed by students at home before the class session, while in-class time is devoted to exercises, projects, or discussions. … The value of a flipped class is in the repurposing of class time into a workshop where students can inquire about lecture content, test their skills in applying knowledge, and interact with one another in hands-on activities. During class sessions, instructors function as coaches or advisors, encouraging students in individual inquiry and collaborative effort.”
- Flipped Courses: A Few Concerns about the Rush to Flip
- "Students don't seem to be willing or able to watch these videos or to read the textbook and fully understand the material."
- "It does take time because students need to be trained to do something very different from what they've experienced so far in traditional classrooms."
- "In the old days we used to give reading assignments and would then discuss the material in class. I still give reading assignments as well as problems to do as homework. How does the "flipped" class differ, other than that students no longer have to be able to read? "
- "Giving the students a daily/weekly graded quiz to accompany either reading or video lectures and they will have the incentive to actually pay attention to their work."
- "Students do need to "learn" how to learn in a flipped classroom; there is a definite shift in the responsibility for learning and this is not easy for some students. The ones who have gotten good at "doing school" have the most difficulty.
As for the guarantee that the students are engaging with the video lessons, I would encourage folks to check out Edpuzzle.com. With Edpuzzle, you can embed questions right into the videos that allow students to check for their own understanding and give the teacher valuable formative assessment data to help plan the effective use of class time. Our students have loved the embedded questions and appreciate the chance to check their level of understanding as they are being exposed to the material the first time. Much less doubt as to who watched the videos either since the viewing time is recorded as is the number of times a student rewatches a section of the video. Last and not least, the student can not scrub forward on the video and must answer the embedded questions in order to resume watching video. Did I mention that the video needs to be in the active tab of browser or else it pauses?" EDpuzzle.com
- " If students know they will be quizzed, they are more likely to read. Quizzing is also an incredible learning tool, not just an assessment tool, so don't feel bad for doing them frequently and making them reach back to previous lessons. Quizzes can help ensure the content consumption outside of class, help students recall the information, and set the stage for some great high-level learning activities while you have students all together."
- "What is strange about the "flipped classroom" meme is that we have always asked students to prepare for class by doing readings at home. And we have always known that we can't rely on students actually being prepared. Why would anybody think that assigning videos instead of readings will be the game-changer? In traditional textbook classes, I ask students to read the chapter in preparation for class. Then I ask in class whether they have questions about the chapter. They usually don't because they haven't read the chapter! If I could assume that students come to class prepared - whether by readings or video lectures - I sure could teach differently. I could spend much more classroom time doing exercises and other class activities.
As has been argued above, teaching motivated and well-prepared students isn't all that difficult. Teaching the others won't be made any easier by adopting another education fad."
- Instruction on the Internet ...
- The LearningOnline Network with CAPA (Computer-Assisted Personalized Approach) - Designed primarily for Physics courses - Nothing useful for Business. Pity!
- The LearningOnline Network with CAPA - for Faculty
- JiTT = Just-in-Time Teaching = a type of Flipping the classroom
- The LearningOnline Network with CAPA
- Teacher assigns homework activites: textbook readings, online readings, videos (Khan Academy, YouTube, Teacher's online video, etc.).
- Student must then answer some homework questions and then prepare at least one "feedback question" for the class.
- The homework is automatically marked by an online system like lon-capa.org. The teacher can access an online summary of the class's results. (Unfortunately, this automated system is only available for the sciences, i.e. Physics, Chemistry, Maths, etc.)
- Just before the lesson, the teacher reviews the homework and feedback questions that the students have submitted online. This allows the teacher to modify the lesson according the the needs of the class.
- Classroom lesson
- PBL = Problem-Based Learning
- Interactive lecture demo - Teacher engages students by getting feedback on their thoughts/understanding before/during/after the video.
- Lectures do work, but only if the students are really prepared.
- Active learning - Wikipedia
- What is Active Learning? – Active Learning Classroom
- Write about a page to describe/discuss your understanding, experiences, ideas, conclusions, responses, etc. to the (book/article/document/documentary/news item/etc.). (Source - Dawson Active Learning - Robert Cassidy ?)
- 3 = student demonstrates a clear understanding of the material; thoughtful consideration of the ideas/theories in relation to the material
- 2 = student demonstrates a clear understanding of the material; analysis is more summary and provides less insight
- 1 = student's understanding of the material is unclear; the written response is either not long enough to demonstrate understanding or the response is unclear
- 0 = non-completion of the reading assignment and/or little understanding of the content