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- How to Study
- Read the book
- Read the book again - underline essential concepts (pen or pencil)
- Attend all classes
Remember that your teacher does not have the time in class to explain everything in the book.
However, everything in the book can be on the exam.
If the teacher mentions something in class, it means the teacher thinks it is important.
- Do all homework / readings / labs / assignments / Projects
- Review your lecture notes. (You did take notes during class, didn't you?)
- Read the book again - highlight most important concepts (yellow highlighter)
- Read the book again - write comments in the margins
- Read the book again - highlight other important concepts (pink highlighter)
- Attend all classes (Repeated, because this is important.)
Remember that the teacher will create/write and correct your exam.
If your teacher thinks something is important, it will probably be on the exam.
- Review your lecture notes again. (You did take notes during class, didn't you?)
- Do all homework / readings / labs / assignments / Projects
- Review all online lecture notes and slides
- Get together with a study group of your choosing
- Read the book again - Review - Just read the highlighted and underlined text
- How to Study and Learn Effectively - Thanks to Mark Koning for recommending this site.
- 8 tips to help you learn more efficiently
- Education Planet - The K-12 Education Resource Guide and Portal
- Effective Study - How To Study Effectively | Study Tips - Thanks to Edward Schrader for recommending this site.
- How to Study
- OneLook® Dictionaries
- ProQuest - Online Research Tools for K-12 Schools & Libraries
- StudyBlue | Find and share online flashcards and notes from StudyBlue. Any subject, anywhere, anytime.
- Time Management ...
- Essential Study Tips for Successful College Students | Bags In Bulk - Thanks to Lucy Kingsbury (and her students) for recommending this site.
- Can Handwriting Make You Smarter? - WSJ
- Students who took handwritten notes generally outperformed students who typed their notes via computer.
- Compared with those who type their notes, people who write them out in longhand appear to learn better.
- You have to think about what you're writing by hand but not so when you are typing. Typing is more like transcribing.
- Take handwritten notes in class and then, immedately after class, go home and re-write the notes, clarifying any points.
- Education System
- Elementary school
- K-6 (QC)
- K-8 (Canada & USA)
- Secondary school = High School
- Diploma - DES = Grades 7-11 = Secondary 1-5 (QC) = diplôme des études secondaires
- Diploma - Grades 9-12 (Canada)
- QC = CEGEP system = Collège d'enseignement général et professionnel
- Note that "professionnel" means "vocational" or "technical" and NOT "professional". AEC
- Note that "général" means "academic preparation for higher education (perhaps for a profession like teaching, law, medicine)". DEC
- AEC = Certificate = 3 years = Vocational (training to enter directly into the workforce) = Attestation d'études collégiales
- CEC = Certificate = 3 years? = Vocational (training to enter directly into the workforce) = Certificat en études collégiales
- DEC = Diploma = 2 years = General (preparation for university) = Diplôme d'études collégiales
- = DCS = Diploma of Collegial Studies = DEC
- QFB = Quebec French Baccalaureate
- Canada - (usually a community college)
- Certificate or Diploma - Vocational training to enter directly into the workforce
- Degree - Universities (see below) may have colleges within the university. You graduate from a university with a degree. Secondary schools do not award degrees.
- Some Canadian colleges now offer degree programs.
- Certificate or Diploma - Vocational (training to enter directly into a trade) - junior college
- Degree - In the USA, a college is often the same as a university. Universities are state run. Colleges are private. (Associate's = 2-year degree) - (Bachelor's = 4-year degree)
- Associate's degree - (AA, AS, AAS, etc.) - 2 years after high school = 2-year degree
- What is an Associate Degree? - "a two-year degree awarded by community colleges, career schools, colleges, and universities."
- WikiAnswers - What is an Associate's Degree AAS - (AA, AS, AAS) - "... for transfer purposes to a four year college or university - that they satisfy the four years institutions first two year general cluster area ... the AAS is designed to give an individual all the expertise necessary to enter their chosen career - at least at an entry level position."
- Associate degree = A two-year degree from a junior college or = not a real degree or = full degree not completed.
- In the USA and, uncommonly, in Canada , an associate degree is equivalent to the first two years of a four-year college or university degree. It is the lowest in the hierarchy of post-secondary academic degrees offered in these countries.
- Graduates of community and junior colleges ordinarily earn an associate`s degree. The degree most awarded is the associate in arts (A.A.).
- A US associate degree is a 2-year degree given by two types of colleges upon completion of an associate degree program. The three classes of US associate degrees offered are the associate of arts degree (also called the A.A. degree), the associate of applied science degree (also called the A.A.S. degree), and the associate of science degree (A.S. degree). US Community colleges offering associate degree programs are operated by the local government and are financed by public funds. US junior colleges offering associate degree programs are generally privately run. Both are excellent options for those wanting to earn an associate degree.
An associate degree is a college degree awarded after the completion of about 20 classes. It either prepares students for a career following graduation or allows them to transfer into a bachelor's degree program.
- DeVry University - Associate Degree - Electronics and Computer Technology Degree - (AS or AAS, not BS or BSc) = 2-year degree program
- Associate Degree vs. Bachelor Degree - discussion forum
- Bachelor's degree - (BA, BEd, BS, etc.) = undergraduate degree - 4 years after high school or 2-3 years after college = 4-year degree
- In Quebec and Belgium, the term baccalauréat ("bac") is used in French for a bachelor's degree.
- Master's degree - (MA, MS, MBA, etc.) = graduate degree - 1-2 years after a Bachelor's degree
- Doctorate - (PhD, EdD, MD, etc.) = postgraduate degree - several (3-7) years after a Master's degree
- ABD = All But Dissertation = completed all courses but never completed the research project - After a given time, it becomes impossible to complete the degree. The degree is not conferred (awarded).
- Fraudulent Degree
Don't even think about buying a degree or falsifying your Résumé or CV (Curriculum Vitae). You will be caught. It is not legal or moral.
Failure or Success?
- GPA = Grade Point Average = Grade Points / Credit Hours = Quality Points / Quality Hours
- Quality Points = Grade points = Honour Points = Point value (of the letter grade) * Credit hours
- Quality Hours = Credit hours = Course weight
- NMU Academic and Career Advising Center | GPA Calculator
- University of Memphis | Grading Scale and GPA - Registrar
- QualityPoints are a measure used by some universities and colleges to rate your success in a course.
- If you get 100% as a final grade, that gives you 4 quality points. If you get <= 60%, that gives you 0 points. 80% gives you 2 points, and so on. Quality points may be calculated as MAX( (Mark-60) / 10, 0 ).
- GPA: - A Grade Point Average or GPA is an average of your quality points for all courses.
- To find the GPA, you divide your Total Quality Points by the number of courses completed (called your Credits). For example, if you had done four courses and got 100% in all of them (WOW - you're good!) you'd have 16 points divided by 4 giving a GPA of 4.00.
- 100% = 4 points
- 90% = 3 points
- 80% = 2 points
- 70% = 1 points
- <=60% = 0 points
- CRC = La cote de rendement au collégial = la cote R
Why do students fail and drop out of school, especially in the CEGEP system in Quebec?
- Work. (Students work after/during school hours for fun-money/survival.)
- Programs. (Quality/selection of programs offered by the school.)
- Instruction. (Quality of instruction/instructors.)
- Course load. (The number of required courses per term and the hours spent in class and doing homework.)
- Distractions. (Games, movies, friends, parties, etc.)
- Attitude. Some students just don't care.
- Personal problems.
- How to improve Student Success
- Fewer required courses and more hours per course. This would allow students to concentrate more time on each subject in order to master the course content.
- Give marks for attendance. If you don't attend classes, your chances of passing are greatly reduced.
- I think that the reason students fail is .... because the course load is too much, some students get frustrated and do not keep up with homework and studying.
K.H. - 2006-02-21